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Tumors Involving Vision


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Tumors involving vision are usually secondary tumors that are caused by cancers that have spread from other areas of the body, such as the breast, lung, bowel, or prostate. Two types of primary tumors begin within the eye itself:

  • Retinoblastoma: cancer of the retina that occurs in children
  • Melanoma: uncontrolled growth of cells called melanocytes, most frequently in adults aged 60 to 65

Beyond damaging vision, eye tumors can spread to other areas of the body. Therefore, it is critical that you seek the expertise of the eye care team at Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, part of the University of Miami Health System, to properly diagnose and treat your eye tumor.

Symptoms of tumors involving vision include:

  • Blurry vision
  • Bulging of one eye
  • Dark patch in your eye that increases in size over time
  • Lump on your eyelid or eye that increases in size over time
  • Partial or complete loss of vision
  • Shadows, flashes of light, or wiggly lines in your vision


Comprehensive Exam - Your doctor will conduct a thorough physical examination of your eyes – as well as gather a complete health history – to determine if you have a tumor involving vision. This exam usually includes dilating your eyes so your doctor can better see inside your eyes.

Imaging - You may need to undergo an ultrasound or computerized tomography (CT) scan so your doctor can assess a detailed image of your eye and tumors.


Surgery - When possible, your ophthalmologist may recommend you undergo surgery to have the tumor removed.

Laser Treatment - Depending on the location and size of your tumor, your specialist may recommend you undergo laser treatment to remove the tumor.

Radiation Therapy - If surgery is not possible, or is unsuccessful at removing the whole eye tumor, you may need to undergo radiation therapy to shrink the tumor.

Why Choose Bascom Palmer Eye Institute?

Ranked #1 by U.S. News & World Report. Bascom Palmer Eye Institute is the top-rated facility in the country for the treatment of diseases and disorders of the eye, according to U.S. News & World Report. When you choose us for your eye care, you will receive the best care in the nation in a compassionate setting.

Team Approach to Care. If cancer threatens your vision, you need swift, effective action to preserve your sight and health. Our eye care team partners with University of Miami cancer specialists to ensure the best possible outcome.

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